Root canal treatment
What is a root canal treatment?
The most common causes of pulp damage or death are:
- RA cracked tooth
- RA deep cavity
- RAn injury to a tooth, such as a severe knock to the tooth, either recent or in the past.
How is a Root Canal Done?
These steps are:
- RFirst, an opening is made through the back of a front tooth or the crown of a molar or pre-molar.
- RAfter the diseased pulp is removed (a pulpectomy), the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped in preparation for being filled.
- RIf more than one visit is needed, a temporary filling is placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits.
- RThe temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and root canal permanently filled. A tapered, rubbery material called gutta-percha is inserted into each of the canals and is often sealed into place with cement. Sometimes a metal or plastic rod is placed in the canal for structural support.
- RIn the final step, a crown is usually placed over the tooth to restore its natural shape and appearance. If the tooth is very broken down, a post may be required to build it up prior to placing a crown.
How Long Will the Restored Tooth Last?
As there is no longer a pulp keeping the tooth alive, root-treated teeth can become brittle and are more prone to fracture. This is an important consideration when deciding whether to crown or fill a tooth after root canal treatment.
To determine the success or failure of root canal treatment, the most relied-upon method is to compare new X-rays with those taken prior to treatment. This comparison will show whether bone continues to be lost or is being regenerated.
At high street smiles we have a specialist who completes all root canal treatment that may be required.
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